Furniture refers to movable non-fixed objects designed to support different human activities including eating, seating, and even sleeping. Furniture is usually used to hang things in a convenient manner for easy storage, or to accommodate many objects at an even higher level for extra work. Usually, furniture is a secondary product of interior design and is used to accentuate spaces in residential as well as commercial projects. As a result of the numerous functions furniture performs, it is very important that these objects are of the highest quality. The most basic criterion for selecting good furniture is that it should be durable, easy to clean, comfortable to use, economical, attractive, functional, and affordable.
Wood is the most common material for furniture design. It comes in different varieties like birch, maple, oak, cherry, chestnut, maple, hickory, tamahwood, elm, plum, poplar, walnut, oak, cherry etc. Various types of woods including teak, mahogany, and walnut are also used as in flooring, window sills, mantles, shelves, picture frames etc. Teak is the best choice of timber for long lasting durability. Its unique properties, such as relative resistance to moisture, insect infestation, temperature fluctuations, termite resistance, and the natural beauty make it the preferred choice for furniture.
Walnut is another popular choice of wood, but this variety has its own advantages and disadvantages. Mainly, it is known to be relatively expensive and is thus not commonly used. At the same time, wood veneers can be applied to make walnut furniture look very attractive and modern. Another main article for consideration is that the color of walnut varies depending on the availability of sunlight and thus, the final product might not always suit all interiors.
Four-Niture refers to four-poster, canopy, quartiere or swag lamps which were formerly used as home furnishings. The origin of this name is from the four points (four) on the four walls of an ancient house. It was believed to have been invented in France. Today, it is used as a term for modern contemporary furniture.
In the first half of the twentieth century, Cleveland was known for developing some of the best furniture in the country. This was primarily due to the influence of French Neoclassicism which came from the architecture of eminent French architects, Louis Sullivan, George E. Grosvenor and Peter Eisenman. The style known as “neoclassicism” meant to develop furniture with an increased depth of detail, with greater use of patterns, and using highly ornate, decorative elements like glazing and decorative carving.
In keeping with the “modernization” of the period, the style of furniture was considered by some to be excessively impractical due to the intricate nature of its construction. The “gilded baroque” was another more fashionable design that incorporated heavily cut marble into the construction of large, ornate, pedestal-style tables. One of the most striking characteristic of this style was the use of gold leaf imprints to enhance the design. Today, the majority of antique and original Cleveland furniture is either part of the exhibits of the Cleveland Museum of Art or is on display in the various wing of the museum.